History (HISTORY)

HISTORY 101-6 First-Year Seminar--European History (1 Unit)   WCAS First-Year Seminar

HISTORY 102-6 First-Year Seminar--American History (1 Unit)   WCAS First-Year Seminar

HISTORY 103-6 First-Year Seminar--Non-Western History (1 Unit)   WCAS First-Year Seminar

HISTORY 200-0 New Introductory Courses in History (1 Unit)   Introductory lecture courses on topics not covered in regular offerings. Content varies. May be repeated for credit with different topic. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 201-1 European Civilization: High Medieval Thru Mid-18th C (1 Unit)   Culture and structure of preindustrial society, high medieval through mid-18th century. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 201-2 European Civilization: Mid-18th C to Present (1 Unit)   Impact of industrial and political change and development of modern society to the present. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 203-1 Jewish History 750-1492 (1 Unit)   750-1492: Political, economic, cultural, and intellectual life of Jewish communities under medieval Islam and Christianity. Judeo-Arabic culture and its critics; Jewish-Christian relations; the place of violence; rise and influence of Jewish law and mysticism. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 203-2 Jewish History1492-1789 (1 Unit)   1492-1789: Jewish community's economic and cultural reshaping; legalized readmission of Jews to European cities and integration into European society. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 203-3 Jewish History 1789-1948 (1 Unit)   1789-1948: Plurality of models of integration, acculturation, and assimilation; multiple identities; split of traditional community; sociocultural behavior; political movements. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 210-1 History of the United States, Precolonial to the Civil War (1 Unit)   Interpretative survey from the 17th century to the present. Pre-colonial to the Civil War. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 210-2 History of the United States, Reconstruction to the Present (1 Unit)   Interpretative survey from the 17th century to the present. Reconstruction to the present. Lectures, discussion sections. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 212-1 Introduction to African-American History: Key concepts from 1700-1861 (1 Unit)   African origins, the slave trade, origins of slavery and racism in the United States, life under slavery in the North and the South. AF_AM_ST 212-1 and HISTORY 212-1 are taught together; may not receive credit for both courses. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 212-2 Introduction to African American History: Emancipation to Civil Rights Movement (1 Unit)   Emancipation to the civil rights era. Reconstruction, rise of legal segregation, strategies of resistance, migration, and urbanization. AF_AM_ST 212-2 and HISTORY 212-2 are taught together; may not receive credit for both courses. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 214-0 Asian American History (1 Unit)   Introduction to the history of Asians in the United States, with a focus on their impact on American society as well as their experiences within the United States. ASIAN_AM 214-0 and HISTORY 214-0 are taught together; may not receive credit for both courses. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 216-0 Global Asians (1 Unit)   Survey of Asian diasporas in the United States and elsewhere in the 19th and 20th centuries, emphasizing causes of migration, process of settlement, relations with other ethnic groups, and construction of diasporic identities. ASIAN_AM 216-0 and HISTORY 216-0 are taught together; may not receive credit for both courses. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 218-0 Latina and Latino History (1 Unit)   History of Latina/os in the United States and in the context of US- Latin American relations from the 18th century to the present. HISTORY 218-0 and LATINO 218-0 are taught together; may not receive credit for both courses. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 250-1 Global History: Early Modern to Modern Transition (1 Unit)   The early-modern to modern transition. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 250-2 Global History: The Modern World (1 Unit)   The modern world. HISTORY 250-1 is not a prerequisite for HISTORY 250-2. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 251-0 The Politics of Disaster: A Global Environmental History (1 Unit)   A global survey of key natural disasters from the eighteenth century to the present. Focus on the political and human-made dimensions of these supposedly "natural" events. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 255-1 Background to African Civilization and Culture: Origins to 17th C. (1 Unit)   Historical approach to society, economy, polity, and culture in Africa. Agricultural origins to the 17th century. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 255-2 Background to African Civilization and Culture: 16th-19th C. (1 Unit)   Historical approach to society, economy, polity, and culture in Africa. 16th through 19th centuries. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 255-3 Background to African Civilization and Culture: 1875-1994 (1 Unit)   Historical approach to society, economy, polity, and culture in Africa. 1875 to 1994. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 260-1 History of Latin America in the Colonial Period 1492-1821 (1 Unit)   Aspects of the development of Latin America's socioeconomic, political, cultural, and religious institutions and practices. From the pre-Columbian and Iberian backgrounds through the colonial period, c. 1492-1821. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 260-2 History of Latin America in the Modern Period, 1789-present (1 Unit)   Aspects of the development of Latin America's socioeconomic, political, cultural, and religious institutions and practices. After independence and through the modern period, c. 1821 to the present. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 261-0 Sex after Shakespeare (1 Unit)   Sexual behavior in England between 1500 and 1800, concentrating on scandalous narratives and public controversy. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 270-0 Middle Eastern/Islamic Civilization (1 Unit)   Influence of Islam on the components of Middle Eastern societies (nomads, agrarian and urban populations) from the inception of the faith (7th century BCE) to the modern period. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 271-1 History of the Islamic Middle East: 600-1200 (1 Unit)   The classical Islamic community; medieval Islamic civilization, 600-1200. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 271-2 History of the Islamic Middle East: 1200-1789 (1 Unit)   Invasions from Central Asia and the empires that followed: Mamluks (Egypt), Ottomans (Turkey), and Safavids (Iran), 1200-1800. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 271-3 History of the Islamic Middle East: 1789-present (1 Unit)   Jewish and Arab nationalism, oil diplomacy, Islam in the modern context, 1789-present. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 275-1 History of Western Science and Medicine: Origins in Early Mod Europe (1 Unit)   Origins of science and medicine in early modern Europe: science, religion, and cosmology; anatomy and sexual difference; the Enlightenment and social science. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 275-2 History of Western Science and Medicine: In Modern Europe and America (1 Unit)   Modern science and medicine in Europe and America: quantum physics and the A-bomb; Darwinism, genetics, and eugenics; DNA typing and "racial science." Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 281-0 Chinese Civilization (1 Unit)   Chinese history to the 16th century, emphasizing cultural and intellectual history. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 282-0 Sino-American Relations in the Modern World (1 Unit)   This course considers the bilateral Sino-American relationship in its larger global context and in connection to the issues of war, diplomacy, race, gender, religion, and material and popular culture. Focuses on the ways domestic politics shape international relations. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 284-1 Japanese History, Ancient & Medieval, 200-1600 (1 Unit)   Ancient and medieval Japan (200-1600), from the first evidence of civilization on the archipelago through the Warring States Period. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 284-2 Japanese History: Tokugawa Period, 1600-1868 (1 Unit)   Social, cultural, and political developments in the Tokugawa Period (1600-1868). Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 286-0 World War II in Asia (1 Unit)   Analysis of the vast intended and unintended effects of World War II on Asia. Nationalism, global history, decolonization, fascism, Communism, democracy, and the experiences of ordinary people. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 300-0 New Lectures in History (1 Unit)   Lecture courses on special topics not covered in regular offerings. Content varies. May be repeated for credit with different topic. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 301-SA-1 New Lectures in History: City and Civilization in the Eastern Mediterannean World (1 Unit)   Topics in the history of the eastern Mediterranean world. Restricted to students in Northwestern's study aborad programs. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 301-SA-2 New Lectures in History: Milestones of Czech History & Civilization (1 Unit)   Topics in the history of the Czech Republic. Restricted to students in Northwestern's study abroad programs. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 303-1 American Women's History, to 1865 (1 Unit)   Women and gender in American life, with attention to differences among women based on class, race, and ethnicity. To 1865. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 303-2 American Women's History, since 1865 (1 Unit)   Women and gender in American life, with attention to differences among women based on class, race, and ethnicity. Since 1865.

HISTORY 304-0 Asian American Women's History (1 Unit)   Exploration of race, gender, and the contours of US history from the perspective of Asian American women's experiences. Considers migration, exclusion, labor, marriage, family, sexuality, and cross-racial alliances. ASIAN_AM 304-0 and HISTORY 304-0 are taught together; may not receive credit for both courses. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 305-0 American Immigration (1 Unit)   Themes in history of immigration, especially from Europe, Latin America, and Asia. Law, racial formation, acculturation, transnational and international contexts, competing notions of citizenship. HISTORY 305-0 and LEGAL_ST 305-0 are taught together; may not receive credit for both courses. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 308-0 The American West (1 Unit)   Examination of the history of the American West as both frontier and region, real and imagined, from the first contacts between natives and colonizers in the 15th century to the multicultural encounters of the 21st century. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 309-0 American Environmental History (1 Unit)   American history from precontact to the present, focusing on the role of the natural world in human history and the role of human thought and action in natural history. ENVR_POL 309-0 and HISTORY 309-0 are taught together; may not receive credit for both courses. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 310-1 Early American History: Conquest and Colonization, to 1688 (1 Unit)   Conquest and colonization. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 310-2 Early American History: The Age of the American Revolution, 1688-1789 (1 Unit)   The age of the American Revolution. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 311-0 New Nation: The United States, 1787-1848 (1 Unit)   The early years of the new republic from the Constitution to the war with Mexico. Political theory, slavery, social reform, religious revivalism, westward expansion, political parties, the growth of capitalism. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 314-0 The Civil War and Reconstruction (1 Unit)   "Middle period" of American history, emphasizing origins of the Civil War, its revolutionary nature, and its immediate and long-term consequences for the South and the nation. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 315-1 The United States Since 1900: Early 20th C. (1 Unit)   America's domestic history and role in world affairs since 1900. Early 20th century. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 315-2 The United States Since 1900: Mid-20th C. (1 Unit)   America's domestic history and role in world affairs since 1900. Mid-20th century. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 315-3 The United States Since 1900: Late 20th C. to Present (1 Unit)   America's domestic history and role in world affairs since 1900. Late 20th century to the present. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 316-0 The Sixties (1 Unit)   Examination of one of the most tumultuous eras in US history, its roots in the reshaping of American society after World War II, and its legacies for the present. Emphasis on social movements of the period, particularly the civil rights movement, and political and cultural change. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 317-1 American Cultural History: 19th C. (1 Unit)   Changing values of the American people, how they have been transmitted, and how they have shaped American society, politics, and the economy. 19th century. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 317-2 American Cultural History: 20th C. to Present (1 Unit)   Changing values of the American people, how they have been transmitted, and how they have shaped American society, politics, and the economy. 20th century to the present. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 318-1 Legal and Constitutional History of the United States: Colonial Period to 1850 (1 Unit)   Colonial period-1850. Development of legal institutions, constitutionalism, law and social change, law and economic development. Taught with LEGAL_ST 318-1; may not receive credit for both courses. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 318-2 Legal and Constitutional History of the United States: 1850 to Present (1 Unit)   1850-present. Law in industrial society: administration, race relations, corporations, environmental protection, civil liberties. Taught with LEGAL_ST 318-2; may not receive credit for both courses. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 319-0 History of US Foreign Relations (1 Unit)   Survey of US relations with the rest of the world from the 18th century to the present, with particular attention to the 20th century. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 320-0 History of Social Movements in the United States (1 Unit)   From the abolition movement of the early 19th century to the New Right of the present. Samples radical, reform, and reactionary movements, with their development, organization, and effect on American politics and culture. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 321-0 The Vietnam Wars (1 Unit)   Analysis of Vietnam's wars for national independence, with emphasis on US involvement. Topics include international context, political rationales, military engagements, popular attitudes, cultural exchange, and lasting legacies. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 322-1 Development of the Modern American City: to 1880 (1 Unit)   City characteristics of urban society in America from the period of settlement to the present. To 1880. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 322-2 Development of the Modern American City: 1880-Present (1 Unit)   City characteristics of urban society in America from the period of settlement to the present. 1880-present. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 324-0 US Gay and Lesbian History (1 Unit)   Gender, sexuality, and the rise of modern lesbian and gay identities. Lecture and discussion. HISTORY 324-0 and GNDR_ST 324-0 are taught together; may not receive credit for both courses. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 325-0 History of American Technology (1 Unit)   American history through its material culture; industrialization and its discontents; consumer culture and household technology; mass communication and democracy; technological utopia and the computer revolution. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 326-0 U.S. Intellectual History (1 Unit)   Central questions in America's intellectual past from the colonial era forward; specific dates vary by instructor. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 330-0 Medieval Sexuality (1 Unit)   Fluidity of sex and gender roles in an age before "sexual orientation"; impact of and resistance to Christian theology's negative assessment of sexuality; the cult of chastity. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 331-0 Women in Medieval Society (1 Unit)   Examination of medieval women's lives in both secular and religious spheres through the different ideologies (religious, philosophical, scientific) that shaped them. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 332-1 The Development of Medieval Europe: Early Middle Ages, 300-1000 (1 Unit)   Early Middle Ages, 300-1000. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 332-2 The Development of Medieval Europe: High & Late Middle Ages, 1000-1450 (1 Unit)   High and Late Middle Ages, 1000-1450. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 333-0 The Age of the Renaissance (1 Unit)   Decline and revival of European civilization, 1350-1530. Cultural, political, economic, and social developments. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 334-0 The Age of the Reformation (1 Unit)   Europe in the 16th century, especially origins, evolution, and effects of changes in religion. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 336-0 Spain 1500 - 1700: Rise and Fall of a European Empire (1 Unit)   Social, political, and economic history of the largest early-modern European empire, its multicultural genesis, rise to domination in Europe and the Americas, and struggle to integrate internally. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 337-0 History of Modern Europe (1 Unit)   Survey of the political and social history of Europe between 1815 and 1945, with emphasis on the political integration and disintegration of the Continent and the causes and effects of social and economic change. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 338-1 Europe in the 20th Century, 1900-1945 (1 Unit)   Growth of mass politics, fascism, the home fronts, rise of the welfare state, loss of empire, economic resurgence and integration. 1900-45. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 338-2 Europe in the 20th Century, 1945-Present (1 Unit)   Growth of mass politics, fascism, the home fronts, rise of the welfare state, loss of empire, economic resurgence and integration. 1945-present. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 340-0 Gender, War, and Revolution in the 20th Century (1 Unit)   Examination of changes in gender ideals and in the lives of women and men in Europe and America as a result of world wars, Russian revolution, fascism, and the Cold War. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 341-0 Paris: World City, 1700 to the Present (1 Unit)   Survey of the social, cultural, political, economic, and spatial development of Paris from aristocratic enclave to a class-divided bourgeois city, from an imperial capital to a postcolonial metropolis. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 342-1 History of Modern France: Ancien Regime and the French Revolution (1 Unit)   The Ancien Régime and the French revolution. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 342-2 History of Modern France : 19th c. to present (1 Unit)   19th century to the present. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 343-0 Modern Italy (1 Unit)   Italy from the Enlightenment to the present, concentrating on the Risorgimento, the world wars, Mussolini and fascism, the postwar economic miracle, and terrorism. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 344-1 Weimer and Nazi Germany (1 Unit)   Survey of German political, economic, social, intellectual, and diplomatic history covering Weimar and Nazi Germany. GERMAN 344-1 and HISTORY 344-1 are taught together: may not receive credit for both courses. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 344-2 Germany Since 1945 (1 Unit)   Debates about the development of the postwar German states from 1945 to the present. Social, political, economic, and everyday history within the context of East, West, and unified Germany. GERMAN 344-2 and HISTORY 344-2 are taught together; may not receive credit for both courses. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 345-1 History of Russia: 800-1700 (1 Unit)   Emergence of the Kievan and Muscovite states, 800-1700. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 345-2 History of Russia, 1700-1917 (1 Unit)   Russia from Peter to the Revolution, 1700-1917. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 345-3 History of Russia, 1917-Present (1 Unit)   The Soviet Union and its successor states, 1917-present. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 346-0 East Central Europe under Communist Rule and Beyond, 1945 to the Present (1 Unit)   The history of East-Central Europe from the World War II to the collapse of Soviet rule and beyond. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 347-0 Christians and Jews (1 Unit)   Varieties of historical encounters between Jews and Christians. Origins of the "Jesus movement"; rabbinic attitudes toward Christianity; medieval polemic and engagement; the modern "Judeo-Christian tradition"; Christian Zionism and postwar ecumenicism. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 348-1 Jews in Poland, Ukraine, and Russia (1 Unit)   Social, political, religious, and cultural interaction of Jews and Slavs over a millennium, 1250-1917. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 348-2 Jews in Poland, Ukraine, and Russia (1 Unit)   Jewish encounter with Marxism and communism; social, political, cultural, and artistic aspects of Jewish life; Soviet Jews and the Russian empire: patterns of survival, accommodation, and interaction, 1917-91. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 349-0 History of the Holocaust (1 Unit)   Origins and development of the massacre of European Jewry during World War II. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 352-0 Global History of Death and Dying (1 Unit)   How death shapes the modern world via slave trades, imperial conquests, pandemics, wars, medicine, and genocide. Transformations in rituals; personal and social meanings of death; ways and patterns of dying. Ethics Values Distro Area Historical Studies Distro Area Interdisciplinary Distro - See Rules

HISTORY 356-1 History of South Africa, Early Times to 1879 (1 Unit)   From the African iron age to the establishment of the multinational gold mining industry, emphasizing the rise of African states and the contest for land with white settlers. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 356-2 History of South Africa, 20th century (1 Unit)   Emphasis on the 20th century, the rise of African nationalism, and the clash with the apartheid state. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 357-0 East Africa (1 Unit)   Selected topics in East African history. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 358-0 Topics in West African History (1 Unit)   Selected topics in West African history: economy, society, and government. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 360-0 Tudor and Stuart Britain (1 Unit)   Formation of the British state during the Tudor and Stuart dynasties, 1485- 1714, with emphasis on changing patterns of religious belief and the transformation of the monarchy. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 362-1 Modern British History, 1688 - 1815 (1 Unit)   Social, political, and institutional history, 1688-1815. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 362-2 Modern British History, 1780-1900 (1 Unit)   The Victorians: liberalism, empire, and morality, 1780-1900. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 362-3 Modern British History, 1900-present (1 Unit)   Empire to Cool Britannia, 1900-present. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 363-0 Modern Ireland in Historical Perspective (1 Unit)   History of Ireland from the Celts to the "troubles" in northern Ireland. Emphasis on 19th and 20th centuries. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 364-0 Gender and Sexuality in Victorian Britain (1 Unit)   Key debates and issues: prostitution, the city and sexual crime, sexuality and empire, sex and the single woman, homosexuality on trial, and the "scientific" writings of Victorian sexologists. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 366-0 Race and Nation in the Independence Era (1 Unit)   The process of Latin American independence, from the colonial background to 19th century insurgency wars, economic development, and nation formation, with emphasis on race and "the Indian question" in liberal thought. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 367-0 History of Modern Brazil (1 Unit)   Historical roots of modern Brazilian society: its rush toward economic modernization; radical social and economic inequalities; racially and culturally hybrid national identities; quest for effective democracy and universal citizenship. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 368-1 Revolution in 20th Century Latin America: Mexico and its Revolutions (1 Unit)   Mexico and its revolutions. Mexican history, from the modernizing regime of Díaz, through the revolutionary upheaval and the consolidation of a new regime, to contemporary problems. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 368-2 Revolution in 20th Century Latin America: Marxist Revolutions (1 Unit)   Comparative study of the origins and aftermaths of major Marxist revolutions in Cuba and South and Central America. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 369-0 Development and Inequality in Modern Latin America (1 Unit)   Examination of various models of economic development that have been implemented in 20thcentury Latin America, exploring the cultural, social, political, and economic roots of such policies and their impact on the region's poorest and most marginalized populations. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 372-0 History of Ancient Egypt, 3100-c. 1000 B.C.E. (1 Unit)   The Old Kingdom: centralized government, divine kingship. The Middle Kingdom: new monarchic principles in the aftermath of social disorder. The New Kingdom: imperialism in response to foreign aggression; religious revolution of Akhenaton. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 373-1 The Ottomans: Last Empire of Islam, 1300-1622 (1 Unit)   The Last Empire of Islam, 1300-1622. Emergence and rise to power; relations with other European and Asian powers; principal institutions; governmental and societal frameworks. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 373-2 The Ottomans: From "Second Empire" to the Age of Nationalism, 1622-1918 (1 Unit)   From the Second Ottoman Empire to the Age of Nationalism, 1622-1918. Political and societal changes that shaped the modern Middle East and southeast Europe. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 376-0 Global Environments and World History (1 Unit)   Introduction to the recent histories of environmental issues around the world, including urbanization, industrialization, population growth, commodification, empire building, intercontinental welfare, energy extraction, and new technologies. ENVR_POL 340-0 and HISTORY 376-0 are taught together; may not receive credit for both courses. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 378-0 History of Law and Science (1 Unit)   The changing relations between justice and science-including the forensic sciences of identification and intellectual property-in the United States and Europe over the past 300 years. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 379-0 Biomedicine and World History (1 Unit)   Introduction to the social, political, scientific, and economic forces allowing biomedical systems to become synonymous with global health governance. GBL_HLTH 309-0 and HISTORY 379-0 are taught together; may not receive credit for both courses. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 381-1 History of Modern China: Late Imperial China, 1600-1911 (1 Unit)   Late Imperial China, 1600-1911. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 381-2 History of Modern China: 1911-present (1 Unit)   1911-present. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 382-0 The Modern Japanese City (1 Unit)   Social and cultural history of urban Japan. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 383-0 Japan's Modern Revolution (1 Unit)   History of Japan from 1830 to 1912, focusing on the overthrow of the Tokugawa shogunate and emergence as a modern imperialist power. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 384-1 History of Modern Japan: The Modern State, 1860-1943 (1 Unit)   Japan: the modern state, 1860-1943. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 384-2 History of Modern Japan: War and postwar Japan, 1943-present (1 Unit)   War and postwar Japan, 1943-present. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 385-1 History of Modern South Asia, 1500-1800 (1 Unit)   The early modern period, ca. 1500-1800: The Mughal Empire; the early phase of European trade and conquest in the subcontinent. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 385-2 History of Modern South Asia, ca. 1750-present (1 Unit)   ca. 1750-present: The age of British colonial dominance; the politics of nation building and anticolonial resistance; independence, partition, and the postcolonial predicament. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 386-2 History of Modern Southeast Asia Until 1945 (1 Unit)   A social and economic history of Southeast Asia from c.1750 to 1945. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 386-3 History of Contemporary Southeast Asia Since 1945 (1 Unit)   A social and political history of Southeast Asia from the end of the Second World War to the Present. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 392-0 Topics In History (1 Unit)   Advanced work through reading, research, and discussion in an area of special significance. Graduate students permitted in some courses with consent of instructor.

HISTORY 393-0 Approaches to History (1 Unit)   Introductory seminar for history majors and others interested in understanding how history is thought about and written. Intensive exploration of a significant historical event, period, or topic. Historical Studies Distro Area

HISTORY 395-0 Research Seminar (1 Unit)   Students research and complete a term paper on a topic of choice. Required of majors.

HISTORY 398-1 Thesis Seminar (1 Unit)   Advanced work through supervised reading, research, and discussion. Admission by written application, to be reviewed by department. Grade of K given in 398-1 and 398-2.

HISTORY 398-2 Thesis Seminar (1 Unit)   Advanced work through supervised reading, research, and discussion. Admission by written application, to be reviewed by department. Grade of K given in 398-1 and 398-2.

HISTORY 398-3 Thesis Seminar (1 Unit)   Advanced work through supervised reading, research, and discussion. Admission by written application, to be reviewed by department. Grade of K given in 398-1 and 398-2.

HISTORY 399-0 Independent Study (1 Unit)   Reading and conferences on special subjects for advanced undergraduates. Open only with consent of director of undergraduate studies and instructor.

HISTORY 399-SA Independent Study (1 Unit)   Reading and conferences on special subjects for advanced undergraduates. Open only with consent of director of undergraduate studies and instructor.