Philosophy (PHIL)

PHIL 109-6 First-Year Seminar in Philosophy (1 Unit)   WCAS First-Year Seminar

PHIL 110-0 Introduction to Philosophy (1 Unit)   Fundamental problems and methods of philosophy. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 150-0 Elementary Logic I (1 Unit)   Introduction to the formal study of logical implication. Paraphrase of English sentences into logical schemata. Truth-functional logic. Quantifiers, predicates, and relations. Implication and its general properties. Establishing implication. First quarter of PHIL 150-0; PHIL 250-0; PHIL 350-0 sequence. Formal Studies Distro Area

PHIL 151-0 Scientific Reasoning (1 Unit)   Introduction to probabilistic calculus and its role in science. Topics may include Bayes's theorem, the Dutch Book theorem, hypothesis and confirmation, problems of induction, subjective and objective interpretations of probability, causal reasoning. Formal Studies Distro Area

PHIL 210-1 History of Philosophy - Ancient (1 Unit)   Classical readings from authors of the Western tradition of ancient philosophy, like Plato, Aristotle, Stoics, Epicureans, Cicero, Seneca. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 210-2 History of Philosophy - Medieval (1 Unit)   Classical readings from authors of the Western tradition of medieval philosophy. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 210-3 History of Philosophy - Early Modern (1 Unit)   Classical readings from authors of the Western tradition of the early modern age of enlightenment, like Hobbes, Locke, Spinoza, Leibniz, Hume. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 216-0 Introduction to Pragmatism (1 Unit)   Introduction to classical and contemporary literature in pragmatist philosophy: Peirce, James, Mead, Dewey, and 20thcentury neopragmatist authors (Quine, Rorty, Putnam, et al.). Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 219-0 Introduction to Existentialism (1 Unit)   Principal sources of existential philosophy: Kierkegaard, Jaspers, Marcel, Nietzsche, Sartre, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, and others. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 220-0 Introduction to Critical Theory (1 Unit)   Crisis, criticism, and critique in philosophical, political, and cultural contexts. Focus on the philosophical aspects of critical theory with reference to social conditions and art, literary, and/ or political forms. COMP_LIT 207-0 and PHIL 220-0 are taught together; may not receive credit for both courses. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 225-0 Minds and Machines (1 Unit)   Introductory course addressing philosophical issues arising from the study of intelligence, including the possibility of machine intelligence and its relevance to the study of human intelligence. Social Behavioral Sciences Distro Area

PHIL 230-0 Gender, Politics, & Philosophy (1 Unit)   Role of gender difference in the main political-philosophical traditions: social contract, liberalism, republicanism, socialism-Marxism, critical theory. The classics of feminist political philosophy (Wollstonecraft, Mill, Taylor, Engels), followed by contemporary debates. Taught with GNDR_ST 233-0; may not receive credit for both courses. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 240-0 Freedom and Responsibility (1 Unit)   Introduction to philosophy through an examination of major theories of freedom and responsibility, with attention to how these may be affected by the scientific worldview. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 248-0 Paradoxes (1 Unit)   A tour of puzzles, paradoxes, and their neighbors. Possible topics include Zeno's paradox, the sorites paradox, the liar paradox, and paradoxes of confirmation. Formal Studies Distro Area

PHIL 250-0 Elementary Logic II (1 Unit)   Formal systems of deductive inference and their metalogical properties. Formal semantics. Natural deduction. Completeness and compactness; decidable fragments of first-order logic. Lowenheim-Skolem theorems. Second quarter of PHIL 150-0; PHIL 250-0; PHIL 350-0 sequence. Prerequisite: PHIL 150-0. Formal Studies Distro Area

PHIL 253-0 Introduction to the Philosophy of Language (1 Unit)   Contemporary themes and theories in the philosophy of language. Topics may include context and semantics, the semantics-pragmatics boundary, implicature, reference, presupposition, speech acts, and the role of language in shaping conceptions of social and natural reality. Social Behavioral Sciences Distro Area

PHIL 254-0 Introduction to Philosophy of the Natural Sciences (1 Unit)   Philosophical and methodological issues in the natural sciences, such as the discovery and testing of hypotheses, explanation, theory selection, the nature of scientific laws, causality, space and time, determinism. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 255-0 Theory of Knowledge (1 Unit)   Basic philosophical questions about human knowledge, focusing on skepticism and competing theories of knowledge. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 259-0 Introduction to Metaphysics (1 Unit)   Introductory discussion of some debates in contemporary metaphysics. Possible topics include objectivity, time, universals, causations, possible worlds, and material constitution. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 260-0 Introduction to Moral Philosophy (1 Unit)   Overview of some of the main ideas and most influential writings of moral philosophy. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 261-0 Introduction to Political Philosophy (1 Unit)   Overview of some of the main ideas and most influential writings of political philosophy. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 262-0 Ethical Problems and Public Issues (1 Unit)   Analysis of such controversial issues as the death penalty, abortion, euthanasia, sexual morality, economic justice and welfare, pornography and censorship, discrimination and preferential treatment, the environment, and world hunger. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 266-0 Philosophy of Religion (1 Unit)   Survey of the central issues in the philosophic analysis of religious experience: the existence of God, creation, miracles, the claims of faith versus the claims of reason, sin, free will, and immortality. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 267-0 Philosophy, Race, and Racism (1 Unit)   Introduction to philosophical discussions of race, race identity, and racism. Readings may be drawn from classical as well as contemporary sources. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 268-0 Ethics and the Environment (1 Unit)   Topics include our relationship to the environment, the obligation to future generations, pollution and population control, food and energy production and distribution, species diversity, and the preservation of wilderness. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 269-0 Bioethics (1 Unit)   Ethical analysis of a variety of issues such as the human genome project, genetic therapy, cloning and stem cell transplantation, human and animal research, reproductive technologies, and the allocation of resources. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 270-0 Climate Change and Sustainability: Economic and Ethical Dimensions (1 Unit)   Interdisciplinary analysis of economic and ethical issues concerning climate change; scientific evidence for anthropogenic global warming; economics and ethics of resource use, conservation practices, and sustainability. ISEN 230-0 taught with PHIL 270-0; students may not earn credit for both courses. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 273-1 The Brady Scholars Program: The Good Life (1 Unit)   Course asking questions such as what it takes for a human life to go well, the nature of happiness, the role of pleasure, what makes lives meaningful, rich, flourishing, what human dignity consists in. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 273-2 The Brady Scholars Program: The Moral Life (1 Unit)   Course asking questions that allow determining how we are to treat and interact with others. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 273-3 The Brady Scholars Program: The Good Society (1 Unit)   Course investigating domestic and international questions, such as whether democracy is the most legitimate form of government, what obligations national states have to others, the role of peace, international inequality. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 280-0 Introduction to the Philosophy of Art (1 Unit)   Introduction to major themes and theories in the philosophy of art, including questions concerning the nature of taste, beauty, art, and artistic creativity. Literature Fine Arts Distro Area

PHIL 310-0 Studies in Ancient Philosophy (1 Unit)   Works of one or more important philosophers or movements before 500 CE. May be repeated for credit with change of topic.

PHIL 311-0 Studies in Medieval Philosophy (1 Unit)   Works of one or more important philosophers or philosophical movements between 500 and 1500 CE. May be repeated for credit with change of topic.

PHIL 312-0 Studies in Modern Philosophy (1 Unit)   Works of one or more important philosophers or philosophical movements between 1500 and 1800. May be repeated for credit with change of topic.

PHIL 313-1 Kant's 'Critique of Pure Reason' I (1 Unit)   Detailed analysis of Kant's claims to justify human knowledge in The Critique of Pure Reason (the 'Analytic of Pure Reason').

PHIL 313-2 Kant's 'Critique of Pure Reason' II (1 Unit)   Detailed analysis of Kant's criticism of traditional metaphysics in The Critique of Pure Reason (the 'Dialectic of Pure Reason').

PHIL 314-0 Studies in German Philosophy (1 Unit)   Study of one or more key themes, figures, or historical developments in German philosophy from the 18th century to the present. May be repeated for credit with change of topic.

PHIL 315-0 Studies in French Philosophy (1 Unit)   One or more figures of 20thcentury or contemporary French philosophy. May be repeated for credit with change of topic.

PHIL 317-0 Studies in 19th and 20th Century Philosophy (1 Unit)   Study of one or more key philosophical themes, figures, or developments of the 19th century, 20th century, or both. May be repeated for credit with change of topic.

PHIL 318-0 Studies in Contemporary Philosophy (1 Unit)   Selected philosophical works of the latter part of the 20th century or the 21st century. May be repeated for credit with change of topic.

PHIL 319-0 Existentialism and Its Sources (1 Unit)   Intensive study of one or a small number of major contributions to the existentialist tradition.

PHIL 325-0 Philosophy of Mind (1 Unit)   Selected topics in the philosophy of mind: mind-body problem, problem of other minds, self-knowledge, personal identity, philosophical psychology. May be repeated for credit with change of topic.

PHIL 326-0 Philosophy of Medicine (1 Unit)   Introduces premed students to ethical problems they are likely to encounter. For example: Is it ever ethical to withhold information from a patient? Should physicians help terminally ill patients commit suicide? Should health care for the elderly be more limited than for children?. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 327-0 Philosophy of Psychology (1 Unit)   Problems such as the nature of psychological explanation, experimentation and the testing of psychological claims, the standing of psychology as a science, reductionism, the unconscious, and conceptualizing the psyche and its processes.

PHIL 328-0 Classics of Analytic Philosophy (1 Unit)   Examination of classic texts that shaped the analytic movement of 20thcentury Anglo-American philosophy. Readings from Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Carnap, Quine, and others.

PHIL 330-0 Practical Reasoning and Choice (1 Unit)   Theory of decision making, what it is to decide, possible constraints on decisions, how to understand preference reversals, paradoxes of decision making, and actions taken against one's better judgment. Prerequisite: PHIL 150-0.

PHIL 350-0 Advanced Logic (1 Unit)   Metalogical limitations of logical theories. Formal arithmetic. Recursive functions. Arithmetization of syntax. Incompleteness and undecidability. Truth-predicates in first and second order logic. The provability predicate. Third quarter of PHIL 150-0; PHIL 250-0; PHIL 350-0 sequence. Prerequisite: PHIL 250-0.

PHIL 351-0 Advanced Topics in Philosophical Logic (1 Unit)   Methods of modern formal logic applied to traditional philosophical questions, e.g., modal logic, deontic logic, epistemic logic, many-valued logic, tense logic. Prerequisite: PHIL 250-0.

PHIL 352-0 Philosophy of Mathematics (1 Unit)   Nature of mathematical entities and mathematical truth. Platonism, intuitionism, fictionalism, nominalism, the synthetic a priori, self-referential paradoxes, incompleteness and undecidability, consistency, alternative axiomatizations and uniqueness, the relation between mathematics and logic, and mathematical revolutions.

PHIL 353-0 Philosophy of Language (1 Unit)   The nature and uses of language as presenting philosophical problems, e.g., theory of reference, the modes of meaning, definition, metaphor, problems of syntax, and semantics. May be repeated for credit with change of topic.

PHIL 355-0 Scientific Method in the Social Sciences (1 Unit)   Analysis of the philosophical foundations of social inquiry with reference to selected problems, thinkers, and schools, both classical and modern.

PHIL 357-0 Topics in Metaphysics and Epistemology (1 Unit)   Examination of current debates in metaphysics and epistemology, broadly understood. Possible topics include skepticism, mental representation, time, the epistemology of testimony, linguistic norms, personal identity, causation, and modality. May be repeated for credit with change of topic.

PHIL 358-0 Epistemology (1 Unit)   Central problems in the theory of knowledge, emphasizing contemporary developments. A priori knowledge, perception memory, induction, and theories of meaning and truth.

PHIL 359-0 Studies in Metaphysics (1 Unit)   The most general features of reality and their relation to thought and language. Topics may include existence, time, identity, properties, truth, causality, and freedom.

PHIL 360-0 Topics in Moral Philosophy (1 Unit)   Philosophical analysis of recent or contemporary issues, theories, or figures in moral philosophy. May be repeated for credit with change of topic.

PHIL 361-0 Topics in Social and Political Philosophy (1 Unit)   Philosophical analysis of a recent or contemporary issue, individual philosopher, or school of thought in social and political philosophy. May be repeated for credit with change of topic.

PHIL 362-0 Studies in the History of Ethical and Political Theory (1 Unit)   Examination of one or more major figures or movements in the history of moral or political philosophy. May be repeated for credit with change of topic.

PHIL 363-0 Kant's Moral Theory (1 Unit)   Exploration of the moral and ethical thought of Immanuel Kant through careful study of Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals along with readings from the Critique of Practical Reason , Metaphysics of Morals , and Religion within the Bounds of Mere Reason. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 364-0 Business and Professional Ethics (1 Unit)   Application of ethical theories (Kantianism, utilitarianism, etc.) in a commercial setting. Topics include social responsibilities of corporations, public regulation, moral limits of marketing (e.g., marketing to children, noxious products), social justice versus fair compensation. Ethics Values Distro Area

PHIL 366-0 Advanced Studies in the Philosophy of Religion (1 Unit)   Central problems in the philosophy of religion.

PHIL 367-0 Studies in African American Philosophy (1 Unit)   Study of the work of one or more important African American philosophers or philosophical movements of the 19th or 20th centuries. May be repeated for credit with change of topic.

PHIL 369-0 Philosophy & Gender (1 Unit)   Survey of approaches to sex and gender throughout the history of philosophy.

PHIL 370-0 Philosophy & Literature (1 Unit)   Issues involving the relationship between philosophy and literature.

PHIL 373-1 The Brady Scholars Program: The Civically Engaged Life (0.5 Unit)   The Brady Scholars Program: Philosophy and the City.

PHIL 373-2 The Brady Scholars Program: The Civically Engaged Life (0.5 Unit)  

PHIL 380-0 Philosophy of Art (1 Unit)   Topics to be discussed might include the nature and purpose of art, art and perception, the nature of creativity, and the social responsibility of the artist.

PHIL 390-0 Special Topics In Philosophy (1 Unit)   May be repeated for credit with change of topic.

PHIL 398-1 Senior Tutorial (1 Unit)   Senior thesis. Grade of K given in 398-1. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

PHIL 398-2 Senior Tutorial (1 Unit)   Senior thesis. Grade of K given in 398-1. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

PHIL 399-0 Independent Study (1 Unit)   Open to properly qualified students with consent of instructor. Can only be applied to Major or Minor after approval of DUS upon student's petition with dept form.