# Physics (PHYSICS)

**PHYSICS 103-0 Ideas of Physics (1 Unit) **
Topics in modern physics. Content varies-for example, relativity, the physics of music, and the progress of physics through history. Requires only high school mathematics and is designed for non-science majors.
*Natural Sciences Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 105-0 Music, Sound, Timbre (1 Unit) **
Introduction to the interface of art, technology, and science. MIDI; musical analysis and composition; physical acoustics and psychoacoustics; construction and acoustics of instruments; signal generation, recording, and analysis.
*Natural Sciences Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 110-6 First-Year Seminar (1 Unit) **
*WCAS First-Year Seminar*

**PHYSICS 125-1 General Physics ISP (1 Unit) **
General physics course relying extensively on calculus. Similar to PHYSICS 135-1 but more advanced and intended for ISP students. A concurrent advanced calculus course, MATH 281-1 is offered by the mathematics department.
Prerequisite: first-year standing in ISP or consent of the department and concurrent enrollment in PHYSICS 126-1.
*Natural Sciences Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 125-2 General Physics for ISP (1 Unit) **
General physics course relying extensively on calculus. Similar to PHYSICS 135-2 but more advanced and intended for ISP students. A concurrent advanced calculus course, MATH 281-2, is offered by the mathematics department.
Prerequisite: first-year standing in ISP or consent of the department and concurrent enrollment in PHYSICS 126-2.
*Natural Sciences Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 125-3 General Physics for ISP (1 Unit) **
General physics course relying extensively on calculus. Similar to PHYSICS 135-3 but more advanced and intended for ISP students. A concurrent advanced calculus course, MATH 281-3 is offered by the mathematics department.
Prerequisite: first-year standing in ISP or consent of the department and concurrent enrollment in PHYSICS 126-3.
*Natural Sciences Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 126-1 Physics for ISP Laboratory (0.34 Unit) **
Introductory physics laboratory for students taking PHYSICS 125-1, with which it must be taken concurrently.

**PHYSICS 126-2 Physics for ISP Laboratory (0.34 Unit) **
Introductory physics laboratory for students taking PHYSICS 125-2, with which it must be taken concurrently.

**PHYSICS 126-3 Physics for ISP Laboratory (0.34 Unit) **
Introductory physics laboratory for students taking PHYSICS 125-3, with which it must be taken concurrently.

**PHYSICS 130-1 College Physics (1 Unit) **
Algebra-based physics primarily for premedical students who do not need to take calculus-based physics. Topics covered are similar to those of PHYSICS 135-1. Students with credit for a quarter of Physics 135 may not later receive credit for the comparable quarter of Physics 130.
Prerequisites: algebra, trigonometry, and concurrent enrollment in PHYSICS 136-1.
*Natural Sciences Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 130-2 College Physics (1 Unit) **
Algebra-based physics primarily for premedical students who do not need to take calculus-based physics. Topics covered are similar to those of PHYSICS 135-2. Students with credit for a quarter of Physics 135 may not later receive credit for the comparable quarter of Physics 130.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 130-1, PHYSICS 136-1, and concurrent enrollment in PHYSICS 136-2.
*Natural Sciences Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 130-3 College Physics (1 Unit) **
Algebra-based physics primarily for premedical students who do not need to take calculus-based physics. Topics covered are similar to those of PHYSICS 135-3. Students with credit for a quarter of Physics 135 may not later receive credit for the comparable quarter of Physics 130.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 130-2, PHYSICS 136-2, and concurrent enrollment in PHYSICS 136-3.
*Natural Sciences Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 135-1 General Physics (1 Unit) **
Calculus-based physics for science and engineering majors and premedical students. Mechanics.
Prerequisites: MATH 220-0, MATH 224-0; concurrent enrollment in PHYSICS 136-1 and MATH 230-0.
*Natural Sciences Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 135-2 General Physics (1 Unit) **
Calculus-based physics for science and engineering majors and premedical students. Electricity and magnetism.
Prerequisite: PHYSICS 135-1, PHYSICS 136-1 and concurrent enrollment in PHYSICS 136-2.
*Natural Sciences Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 135-3 General Physics (1 Unit) **
Calculus-based physics for science and engineering majors and premedical students. Introduction to modern physics; wave phenomena.
Prerequisite: PHYSICS 135-2, PHYSICS 136-2 and concurrent enrollment in PHYSICS 136-3.
*Natural Sciences Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 136-1 General Physics Laboratory (0.34 Unit) **
Introductory physics laboratory for students taking PHYSICS 130-1 or PHYSICS 135-1, with which it must be taken concurrently.

**PHYSICS 136-2 General Physics Laboratory (0.34 Unit) **
Introductory physics laboratory for students taking PHYSICS 130-2 or PHYSICS 135-2, with which it must be taken concurrently.

**PHYSICS 136-3 General Physics Laboratory (0.34 Unit) **
Introductory physics laboratory for students taking PHYSICS 130-3 or PHYSICS 135-3, with which it must be taken concurrently.

**PHYSICS 140-1 Fundamentals of Physics (1 Unit) **
Introduction to fundamentals topics in classical mechanics for physics majors and minors and students with a strong interest in physics.
Prerequisites: MATH 220-0, MATH 224-0; concurrent enrollment in PHYSICS 136-1 and MATH 230-0.
*Natural Sciences Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 140-2 Fundamentals of Physics (1 Unit) **
Introduction to fundamentals topics in electricity and magnetism for physics majors and minors and students with a strong interest in physics.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 140-1, PHYSICS 136-1; concurrent enrollment in PHYSICS 136-2.
*Natural Sciences Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 140-3 Fundamentals of Physics (1 Unit) **
Introduction to fundamentals topics in wave phenomena and modern physics for physics majors and minors and students with a strong interest in physics.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 140-2, PHYSICS 136-2; concurrent enrollment in PHYSICS 136-3.
*Natural Sciences Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 211-1 Mathematical Tools for Physical Sciences (1 Unit) **
Introduction to the tools necessary to solve physics problems, including integral calculus, complex numbers and complex algebra, matrices and vector spaces, differential equations, and Fourier analysis.
Prerequisites: MATH 230-0 and MATH 234-0.
*Formal Studies Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 211-2 Mathematical Tools for Physical Sciences (1 Unit) **
Introduction to the tools necessary to solve physics problems, including integral calculus, complex numbers and complex algebra, matrices and vector spaces, differential equations, and Fourier analysis.
Prerequisites: MATH 230-0 and MATH 234-0.
*Formal Studies Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 239-0 Foundations of Modern Physics (1 Unit) **
Principles of waves, probability, quantum theory, and selected topics from special relativity, statistical mechanics, optics, and atomic structure.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 135-1, PHYSICS 135-2, and PHYSICS 135-3 or equivalent; MATH 250-0 or equivalent or concurrent enrollment.
*Natural Sciences Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 311-1 Mathematical Tools for the Physical Sciences (1 Unit) **
Introduction to tools for solving physics problems, including integral calculus, complex numbers and complex algebra, matrices and vector spaces, differential equations, and Fourier analysis.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 135-1 and PHYSICS 135-2 or equivalent (concurrent enrollment in PHYSICS 135-2 is sufficient); MATH 230-0.
*Formal Studies Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 311-2 Mathematical Tools for the Physical Sciences (1 Unit) **
Introduction to tools for solving physics problems, including integral calculus, complex numbers and complex algebra, matrices and vector spaces, differential equations, and Fourier analysis.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 135-3 (or concurrent enrollment); PHYSICS 311-1 or equivalent.
*Formal Studies Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 330-1 Classical Mech (1 Unit) **
Newtonian mechanics, oscillations, the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms, central-force motion.

**PHYSICS 330-2 Classical Mechanics (1 Unit) **
Motion in a non-inertial reference frame, kinematics of rigid modes, systems with many degrees of freedom.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 135-1 or equivalent and MATH 234-0 and PHYSICS 311-1 and PHYSICS 311-2; or MATH 240-0, MATH 250-0; or equivalent.

**PHYSICS 332-0 Statistical Mechanics (1 Unit) **
Ideal gas, Boltzmann distribution, transport phenomena, fluctuation theory, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 135-1, PHYSICS 135-2, and PHYSICS 135-3; MATH 234-0 or equivalent.

**PHYSICS 333-1 Advanced Electricity & Magnetism (1 Unit) **
Electrostatics and magnetostatics, multipole expansion, solutions of Laplace's equation, images, analytic functions.

**PHYSICS 333-2 Advanced Electricity & Magnetism (1 Unit) **
Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic equations, electromagnetic wave propagation and radiation, microwave cavities, diffraction.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 135-1, PHYSICS 135-2, and PHYSICS 135-3 and MATH 234-0 and PHYSICS 311-1 and PHYSICS 311-2; or MATH 240-0, MATH 250-0; or equivalent.

**PHYSICS 335-0 Physics of Magic (1 Unit) **
Magic tricks, illusion, and deception used to discuss the rarely explored but often surprisingly flexible boundaries of what is physically possible. Does not fulfill 300-level requirement for majors or minors.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 135-1; MATH 220-0, MATH 224-0, or equivalent.

**PHYSICS 337-0 Physics of Condensed Matter (1 Unit) **
Emergent properties and collective descriptions when simple components of matter are combined into larger systems with varying degrees of order.
Prerequisite: PHYSICS 339-1; PHYSICS 332-0 recommended.

**PHYSICS 339-1 Quantum Mechanics (1 Unit) **
Introduction to quantum theory. Applications to atomic and molecular systems. The harmonic oscillator, the one-electron atom, the hydrogen molecule, barrier penetration.
Prerequisites: second-year standing in ISP or PHYSICS 135-1, PHYSICS 135-2, and PHYSICS 135-3 or equivalent; PHYSICS 239-0; PHYSICS 330-1; PHYSICS 311-1 or MATH 240-0.

**PHYSICS 339-2 Quantum Mechanics (1 Unit) **
Introduction to quantum theory. Applications to atomic and molecular systems. The harmonic oscillator, the one-electron atom, the hydrogen molecule, barrier penetration.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 339-1, second-year standing in ISP or PHYSICS 311-2 or MATH 250-0, MATH 351-0.

**PHYSICS 339-3 Particle and Nuclear Physics (1 Unit) **
Nuclei and their constituents; nuclear models; alpha and beta decay; nuclear fission and fusion; the strong, electromagnetic, and weak interactions; and the fundamental particles and particle schemes.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 339-1 and PHYSICS 339-2.

**PHYSICS 345-0 Introduction to General Relativity (1 Unit) **
Review of special relativity and Newtonian gravity; curved space-time; geodesics and conservation laws; Schwarzschild geometry; tests of general relativity; black holes; linearized gravity and gravitational waves; and big bang cosmology.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 330-1 and PHYSICS 330-2 or consent of instructor.

**PHYSICS 352-0 Introduction to Computational Physics (1 Unit) **
Application of computing to physics: Monte Carlo simulation, numerical integration of equations of motion, discrete element methods in electromagnetism.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 135-1, PHYSICS 135-2, and PHYSICS 135-3 or equivalent; MATH 250-0 or equivalent (concurrent enrollment is sufficient); EECS 110-0 or equivalent prior programming experience.

**PHYSICS 357-0 Optics Laboratory (1 Unit) **
Optics/laser lab focusing on optical instruments widely used in medical/biological studies, including optical microscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, tumor detection in optical scattering, and optical fibers in endoscopes.
Prerequisite: consent of instructor.
*Natural Sciences Distro Area*

**PHYSICS 358-0 Nanolithography (1 Unit) **
Advanced lab involving fabrication of metallic nanometer-scale structures by electron-beam lithography. Characterization of these structures by atomic force microscopy.
Prerequisite: PHYSICS 135-1, PHYSICS 135-2, and PHYSICS 135-3 or equivalent.

**PHYSICS 359-0 Electronics (1 Unit) **
Introduction to modern electronics, construction of elementary analog and digital circuits.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 333-1 and PHYSICS 333-2 or consent of instructor.

**PHYSICS 360-0 General Physics Laboratory (1 Unit) **
Classic experiments in atomic, nuclear, and solid-state physics using modern electronics and microcomputers. Independent work.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 333-1 and PHYSICS 333-2 or consent of instructor.

**PHYSICS 361-0 Classical Optics and Special Relativity (1 Unit) **
Advanced topics following from electrodynamics, including advanced classical optics, Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction, radiation from accelerated charges, wave guides and/or antennae, and special relativity, including dynamics.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 333-1 and PHYSICS 333-2.

**PHYSICS 371-0 Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos (1 Unit) **
Advanced topics following from classical mechanics. The focus will be on nonlinear dynamics and chaos theory, though coupled oscillations and continuous systems will also be covered.
Prerequisites: PHYSICS 330-1 and PHYSICS 330-2.

**PHYSICS 398-0 Independent Thesis Research (1-2 Units) **
Individual study under the direction of a faculty member. Open only to advanced students pursuing departmental honors.

**PHYSICS 399-0 Independent Study (1-2 Units) **
Opportunity to study an advanced subject of interest under the individual direction of a faculty member. Open to all advanced students; consent of instructor required.